weather refers to conditions on the Sun and in the space environment
that can influence the performance and reliability of space-borne
and ground-based technological systems, and can endanger human
life or health.
National Space Weather Program (NSWP) is an interagency
initiative to speed improvement of space weather services. It emerged
in 1994 from the efforts of several U.S. government agencies to
prepare the country to deal with technological vulnerabilities associated
with the space environment. The overarching goal of the
NSWP is to achieve an active, synergistic, interagency system to
provide timely, accurate, and reliable space weather warnings, observations,
specifications, and forecasts. It will build on existing
capabilities and establish an aggressive, coordinated process to
set national priorities, focus agency efforts, and leverage resources.
The Program includes contributions from the user community, operational
forecasters, researchers, modelers, and experts in instruments,
communications, and data processing and analysis. It is
a partnership between academia, industry, and government.
The vehicle to implement and manage the Program is the National
Space Weather Program Council (NSWPC) within the Office
of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology
under guidance of the Federal Committee for Meteorological
Services and Supporting Research (FCMSSR). The Council,
which consists of representatives from Federal agencies involved
in space weather activities, provides oversight and policy guidance
to ensure common needs are met and the interests of each agency
are addressed. Under guidance of the NSWPC, the Committee
for Space Weather (CSW) is the principal agent for advancing
the goals of the program.